市場調查報告書
商品編碼
1124147

編程廣告的全球市場(2022年)

Programmatic Advertising Global Market Report 2022

出版日期: 按訂單生產 | 出版商: The Business Research Company | 英文 175 Pages | 商品交期: 2-10個工作天內

價格
  • 全貌
  • 簡介
  • 目錄
簡介

全球編程廣告的市場規模在2021年估算為60億6,000萬美元,2022年達到73億8,000萬美元,並以年複合成長率21.77%成長。此外2026年將達到184億2,000萬美元,並以年複合成長率25.67%成長。預計移動行業的加速增長將對市場的增長做出重大貢獻。人口增長、技術進步和互聯網使用量的增加正在推動移動行業的發展。

本報告提供全球編程廣告市場相關調查分析,提供市場特徵,市場趨勢與策略,各地區分析,競爭情形等資訊。

目錄

第1章 摘要整理

第2章 編程廣告市場特徵

第3章 編程廣告市場趨勢與策略

第4章 編程廣告上COVID-19的影響

第5章 編程廣告的市場規模與成長

  • 全球編程廣告市場實際成果(2016年~2021年)
    • 推動市場要素
    • 阻礙市場要素
  • 全球編程廣告市場預測(2021年~2026年)(2031年)
    • 推動市場要素
    • 阻礙市場要素

第6章 編程廣告市場區隔

  • 全球編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 語音廣告
  • DOOH
  • 數位顯示器
  • 社群廣告
  • 影片廣告
  • 全球編程廣告市場:各設備,實際成果與預測
  • 行動
  • 桌上型電腦(桌面)
  • 全球編程廣告市場:不同企業規模,實際成果與預測
  • 中小企業
  • 大企業
  • 全球編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測
  • 教育
  • 媒體·娛樂
  • 零售
  • 旅遊

第7章 編程廣告市場各地區·各國分析

  • 全球編程廣告市場:各地區,實際成果與預測
  • 全球編程廣告市場:各國,實際成果與預測

第8章 亞太地區的編程廣告市場

  • 亞太地區的編程廣告市場概要
  • 地區資訊,COVID-19影響,市場資訊,背景資訊,政府的舉措,法規,法規機關,主要團體,徵收的稅金,公司稅結構,投資,主要企業
  • 亞太地區的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 亞太地區的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第9章 中國的編程廣告市場

  • 中國的編程廣告市場概要
  • 中國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 中國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第10章 印度的編程廣告市場

  • 印度的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 印度的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第11章 日本的編程廣告市場

  • 日本的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 日本的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第12章 澳洲的編程廣告市場

  • 澳洲的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 澳洲的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第13章 印尼的編程廣告市場

  • 印尼的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 印尼的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第14章 韓國的編程廣告市場

  • 韓國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 韓國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第15章 西歐的編程廣告市場

  • 西歐的編程廣告市場概要
  • 西歐的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 西歐的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第16章 英國的編程廣告市場

  • 英國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 英國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第17章 德國的編程廣告市場

  • 德國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 德國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第18章 法國的編程廣告市場

  • 法國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 法國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第19章 東歐的編程廣告市場

  • 東歐的編程廣告市場概要
  • 東歐的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 東歐的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第20章 俄羅斯的編程廣告市場

  • 俄羅斯的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 俄羅斯的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第21章 北美的編程廣告市場

  • 北美的編程廣告市場概要
  • 北美的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 北美的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第22章 美國的編程廣告市場

  • 美國的編程廣告市場概要
  • 美國的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 美國的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第23章 南美的編程廣告市場

  • 南美的編程廣告市場概要
  • 南美的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 南美的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第24章 巴西的編程廣告市場

  • 巴西的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 巴西的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第25章 中東的編程廣告市場

  • 中東的編程廣告市場概要
  • 中東的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 中東的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第26章 非洲的編程廣告市場

  • 非洲的編程廣告市場概要
  • 非洲的編程廣告市場:各媒體類型,實際成果與預測
  • 非洲的編程廣告市場:各終端用戶,實際成果與預測

第27章 編程廣告市場競爭情形和企業簡介

  • 編程廣告市場競爭情形
  • 編程廣告市場企業簡介
    • Adobe
    • AdReady
    • AdRoll
    • Magnite Inc
    • Baidu Inc

第28章 編程廣告市場上主要合併和收購

第29章 編程廣告市場未來預測與可能性分析

第30章 附錄

目錄
Product Code: h2388

Programmatic Advertising Global Market Report 2022 from The Business Research Company provides the strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the global programmatic advertising market.

This report focuses on programmatic advertising market which is experiencing strong growth. The report gives a guide to the programmatic advertising market which will be shaping and changing our lives over the next ten years and beyond, including the markets response to the challenge of the global pandemic.

Reasons to Purchase

  • Gain a truly global perspective with the most comprehensive report available on this market covering 12+ geographies.
  • Understand how the market is being affected by the coronavirus and how it is likely to emerge and grow as the impact of the virus abates.
  • Create regional and country strategies on the basis of local data and analysis.
  • Identify growth segments for investment.
  • Outperform competitors using forecast data and the drivers and trends shaping the market.
  • Understand customers based on the latest market research findings.
  • Benchmark performance against key competitors.
  • Utilize the relationships between key data sets for superior strategizing.
  • Suitable for supporting your internal and external presentations with reliable high quality data and analysis
  • Report will be updated with the latest data and delivered to you within 3-5 working days of order.

Where is the largest and fastest growing market for the programmatic advertising? How does the market relate to the overall economy, demography and other similar markets? What forces will shape the market going forward? The Programmatic Advertising market global report from the Business Research Company answers all these questions and many more.

The report covers market characteristics, size and growth, segmentation, regional and country breakdowns, competitive landscape, market shares, trends and strategies for this market. It traces the market's historic and forecast market growth by geography. It places the market within the context of the wider programmatic advertising market, and compares it with other markets.

  • The market characteristics section of the report defines and explains the market.
  • The market size section gives the market size ($b) covering both the historic growth of the market, the influence of the COVID-19 virus and forecasting its growth.
  • Market segmentations break down market into sub markets.
  • The regional and country breakdowns section gives an analysis of the market in each geography and the size of the market by geography and compares their historic and forecast growth. It covers the growth trajectory of COVID-19 for all regions, key developed countries and major emerging markets.
  • Competitive landscape gives a description of the competitive nature of the market, market shares, and a description of the leading companies. Key financial deals which have shaped the market in recent years are identified.
  • The trends and strategies section analyses the shape of the market as it emerges from the crisis and suggests how companies can grow as the market recovers.
  • The programmatic advertising market section of the report gives context. It compares the programmatic advertising market with other segments of the programmatic advertising market by size and growth, historic and forecast. It analyses GDP proportion, expenditure per capita, programmatic advertising indicators comparison.

Scope

Markets Covered: 1) By Media Type: Audio Ads; DOOH; Digital Display; Social Ads; Video Ads

2) By Device: Mobile; Desktop

3) By Enterprise Size: SMBs; Large Enterprises

4) By End User: Education; Media And Entertainment; Retail; Travel

Companies Mentioned: Adobe; AdReady; AdRoll; Magnite Inc.; Baidu Inc.

Countries: Australia; Brazil; China; France; Germany; India; Indonesia; Japan; Russia; South Korea; UK; USA

Regions: Asia-Pacific; Western Europe; Eastern Europe; North America; South America; Middle East; Africa

Time series: Five years historic and ten years forecast.

Data: Ratios of market size and growth to related markets, GDP proportions, expenditure per capita,

Data segmentations: country and regional historic and forecast data, market share of competitors, market segments.

Sourcing and Referencing: Data and analysis throughout the report is sourced using end notes.

Executive Summary

Major players in the programmatic advertising market are Adobe, AdReady, AdRoll, Magnite Inc, Baidu Inc, Basis Technologies, Choozle, DoubleClick, Tencent Holdings Ltd, Yahoo, Google, DataXu, AOL, Amazon.com Inc, Outbrain, Media.net and Microsoft.

The global programmatic advertising market is expected to grow from $6.06 billion in 2021 to $7.38 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.77%. The programmatic advertising market is expected to reach $18.42 billion in 2026 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 25.67%.

The programmatic advertising market consists of sales of programmatic advertising services by entities (organizations, sole traders, and partnerships) that is use of automated technology for buying and selling the advertising spaces. Programmatic advertising aims to improve both advertising efficiency and targeting accuracy. Machine learning and AI optimization are used to replace human negotiations.

The main types of media utilizing programmatic advertising are audio ads, DOOH, digital display, social ads and video ads. The audio ads refers to the automated process of buying, selling, and delivery of audio ads. The audio ads include digital radio, podcasts, audio articles, and streaming music services. These ads are viewed on mobile and desktop and for SMBS (small and medium-sized businesses) and large enterprises. Programmatic advertising end users are education, media and entertainment, retail and travel.

North America was the largest region in the programmatic advertising market in 2021. Asia-Pacific is expected to be the fastest-growing region in the forecast period. The regions covered in the programmatic advertising market report are Asia-Pacific, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, Middle East and Africa.

The programmatic advertising market research report is one of a series of new reports from The Business Research Company that provides programmatic advertising market statistics, including programmatic advertising industry global market size, regional shares, competitors with a programmatic advertising market share, detailed programmatic advertising market segments, market trends and opportunities, and any further data you may need to thrive in the programmatic advertising industry. This programmatic advertising market research report delivers a complete perspective of everything you need, with an in-depth analysis of the current and future scenario of the industry.

The increasing growth of the mobile industry is expected to significantly contribute to the growth of the programmatic advertising market. The increasing population, advancing technologies, and increased use of the internet are contributing to the development of the mobile industry. Internet and the use of mobiles have become the universal source of information for millions of people, at home, at school, and at work. The increasing growth of the mobile market coupled with the advancements will enhance the programmatic advertising as it enables automation, improve data quality, and structure all data in a better and smarter software application for targeting the appropriate user at the lowest operational cost. For instance, according to The Mobile Economy 2022 report published in February 2022 by a UK-based industry organization representing the interests of global mobile network operators GSM Association, globally, the number of mobile internet subscribers is projected to reach 5 billion by 2025 from 4.2 billion in 2021, representing 60% of the population by 2025 from 53% in 2021. Therefore, the increasing growth of the mobile market will drive the growth of the programmatic advertising market.

Technological advancement is a key trend gaining popularity in the programmatic advertising market. The market is witnessing the implementation of next-generation technologies into programmatic advertising such as data science in addition to AI (artificial intelligence) & ML (machine learning), text API (application programming interface), CRM (customer relationship management) software, and others. These advanced programmatic advertising solutions offer end-to-end engagement and better optimization in addition to automation. Major companies operating in the programmatic advertising market are focused on providing technologically advanced programmatic advertising solutions to acquire more customers and strengthen their market position. For instance, PandoLogic, a US-based software company, offers pandoIQ, the most advanced programmatic job advertising solution for enterprise recruitment. The pandoIQ platform uses algorithms built on advanced data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence to intelligently automate and optimize the process of job advertising. It also optimizes the spending to obtain quality candidates faster, smarter, and more efficiently by removing the manual processes, data silos, and inefficiency.

In October 2021, Grove Inc., a US-based innovator in hemp, health, and wellness acquired Interactive Offers for an undisclosed amount. With this acquisition, Grove gained a strong market entry into the programmatic advertising industry and added a unique in-house advertising platform to leverage and scale its current and future offerings. Interactive Offers is a US-based programmatic advertising company.

The countries covered in the programmatic advertising market report are Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, South Korea, UK and USA.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Programmatic Advertising Market Characteristics

3. Programmatic Advertising Market Trends And Strategies

4. Impact Of COVID-19 On Programmatic Advertising

5. Programmatic Advertising Market Size And Growth

  • 5.1. Global Programmatic Advertising Historic Market, 2016-2021, $ Billion
    • 5.1.1. Drivers Of The Market
    • 5.1.2. Restraints On The Market
  • 5.2. Global Programmatic Advertising Forecast Market, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
    • 5.2.1. Drivers Of The Market
    • 5.2.2. Restraints On the Market

6. Programmatic Advertising Market Segmentation

  • 6.1. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • Audio Ads
  • DOOH
  • Digital Display
  • Social Ads
  • Video Ads
  • 6.2. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Device, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • Mobile
  • Desktop
  • 6.3. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Enterprise Size, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • SMBs
  • Large Enterprises
  • 6.4. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • Education
  • Media And Entertainment
  • Retail
  • Travel

7. Programmatic Advertising Market Regional And Country Analysis

  • 7.1. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Split By Region, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 7.2. Global Programmatic Advertising Market, Split By Country, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

8. Asia-Pacific Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 8.1. Asia-Pacific Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • Region Information, Impact Of COVID-19, Market Information, Background Information, Government Initiatives, Regulations, Regulatory Bodies, Major Associations, Taxes Levied, Corporate Tax Structure, Investments, Major Companies
  • 8.2. Asia-Pacific Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 8.3. Asia-Pacific Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

9. China Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 9.1. China Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 9.2. China Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F,$ Billion
  • 9.3. China Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F,$ Billion

10. India Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 10.1. India Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 10.2. India Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

11. Japan Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 11.1. Japan Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 11.2. Japan Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

12. Australia Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 12.1. Australia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 12.2. Australia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

13. Indonesia Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 13.1. Indonesia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 13.2. Indonesia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

14. South Korea Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 14.1. South Korea Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 14.2. South Korea Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

15. Western Europe Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 15.1. Western Europe Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 15.2. Western Europe Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 15.3. Western Europe Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

16. UK Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 16.1. UK Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 16.2. UK Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

17. Germany Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 17.1. Germany Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 17.2. Germany Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

18. France Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 18.1. France Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 18.2. France Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

19. Eastern Europe Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 19.1. Eastern Europe Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 19.2. Eastern Europe Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 19.3. Eastern Europe Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

20. Russia Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 20.1. Russia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 20.2. Russia Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

21. North America Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 21.1. North America Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 21.2. North America Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 21.3. North America Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

22. USA Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 22.1. USA Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 22.2. USA Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 22.3. USA Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

23. South America Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 23.1. South America Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 23.2. South America Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 23.3. South America Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

24. Brazil Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 24.1. Brazil Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 24.2. Brazil Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

25. Middle East Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 25.1. Middle East Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 25.2. Middle East Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 25.3. Middle East Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

26. Africa Programmatic Advertising Market

  • 26.1. Africa Programmatic Advertising Market Overview
  • 26.2. Africa Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By Media Type, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion
  • 26.3. Africa Programmatic Advertising Market, Segmentation By End User, Historic and Forecast, 2016-2021, 2021-2026F, 2031F, $ Billion

27. Programmatic Advertising Market Competitive Landscape And Company Profiles

  • 27.1. Programmatic Advertising Market Competitive Landscape
  • 27.2. Programmatic Advertising Market Company Profiles
    • 27.2.1. Adobe
      • 27.2.1.1. Overview
      • 27.2.1.2. Products and Services
      • 27.2.1.3. Strategy
      • 27.2.1.4. Financial Performance
    • 27.2.2. AdReady
      • 27.2.2.1. Overview
      • 27.2.2.2. Products and Services
      • 27.2.2.3. Strategy
      • 27.2.2.4. Financial Performance
    • 27.2.3. AdRoll
      • 27.2.3.1. Overview
      • 27.2.3.2. Products and Services
      • 27.2.3.3. Strategy
      • 27.2.3.4. Financial Performance
    • 27.2.4. Magnite Inc
      • 27.2.4.1. Overview
      • 27.2.4.2. Products and Services
      • 27.2.4.3. Strategy
      • 27.2.4.4. Financial Performance
    • 27.2.5. Baidu Inc
      • 27.2.5.1. Overview
      • 27.2.5.2. Products and Services
      • 27.2.5.3. Strategy
      • 27.2.5.4. Financial Performance

28. Key Mergers And Acquisitions In The Programmatic Advertising Market

29. Programmatic Advertising Market Future Outlook and Potential Analysis

30. Appendix

  • 30.1. Abbreviations
  • 30.2. Currencies
  • 30.3. Research Inquiries
  • 30.4. The Business Research Company
  • 30.5. Copyright And Disclaimer